In this article we will look at Text terminology. What this means is that we will be looking at certain terms that are used to describe text. Some of it may seem rather basic but for some beginners it may not.
A design for a set of characters. A font is the combination of typeface and other qualities, such as size, pitch, and spacing. For example, Times Roman is a typeface that defines the shape of each character. Within Times Roman, however, there are many fonts to choose from — different sizes, italic, bold, and so on. As per the above image you can see that CorelDraw lists a number of fonts in the preview window
Note: it is important to note that for the most part fonts are installed in the Windows OS and than are available to all programs. Thus fonts that are found in CorelDraw can be found in Word and every other program on the computer
A font family is a set of typefaces that share the same family name, such as “Arial”, but that differ in features. These feature differences include Style, such as italic, and Weight, such as bold. In the above example we see that we have Italic text as well as different weights signified as bold and black
In terms of measuring a font there are a number units you can use. By default CorelDraw uses points. As per the above image we can measure by inches, millimeters, points, ciceros, Didots and Q. For the most part we normally are using points of inches or millimeters. The point is the smallest unit we can use. The point is 1/72 of an inch. 72 points equals1 inch.
Text Justification or Text Alignment Left Right and Center
Justification in text, also know as text alignment, indicates how text is aligned to the margin of a page or a gutter. In typesetting we have flush left, flush right and centered. CorelDraw has the 3 justifications laid out here. Left aligned text all have their starting at the left side of a page or gutter. Right is aligned to the right while center is aligned to the middle of the page or the gutter.
Text Justification or Text Alignment None Text Fully Forced
Aside from the 3 most common justifications we just talked about CorelDraw supports 3 others. These are none (default which I quickly change to center), Fully and Forced. The last two have been designed more for paragraph text.
Also called tracking this command in CorelDraw allows me to place in a value for character spacing
CorelDraw allows to adjust the word spacing. This is the spacing that is between words You will need at least 2 words per line to activate this
Line Spacing – Leading
“Leading” is known as the distance between the baselines of successive lines. CorelDraw allows for the line spacing to be adjusted. This is the distance that is between the lines and is expressed as a percentage of the letter height
Kerning tends to relate to the spacing that can be seen between certain character pairs. Anywhere from 50 to 1000 or more kerning pairs may be defined for any one font. A handful of the thousands of possible kerning pairs: Ay AW F, KO wa
Here are 2 Examples of the Same Word
The first line is a properly kerned line of text. Walter is a classic combination that we use as an example of text that needs to be kerned. In Walter we have both the kerning pairs of WA and LT. You can see that the Open Text of WALTER in the first line has both letters properly spaced. In the second line you will see that I have unkerned the WA. It is looking pretty funny the way it is. Nowadays we do not have to worry much about kerning in our text. Most of the time the new font set ups take care of the kerning pairs.
To Adjust over all spacing between characters we refer to this as Tracking. This is where it is confusing for people as a lot of people consider kerning to be the space between the letters. You can see from above this is not the case
You can see from the above image that the first line is our normal typed text. I can increase or decrease the tracking character spacing by moving the text in or out using the node edit tool.
Probably the hardest text to create is Vertical text. I have created a help file and a video to help you in doing this text.